The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement (BWA) has been a contentious issue since it was first agreed upon in 2019. Article 4 of the agreement deals with the protection of citizens` rights and has been a central point of discussion in the ongoing negotiations between the UK and the EU.

Citizens` Rights

The protection of citizens` rights has been a complex issue in the Brexit negotiations, as it involves the rights of both UK citizens living in the EU and EU citizens living in the UK. Article 4 of the BWA addresses this by providing a legal framework for the protection of these rights.

The article outlines various provisions related to the rights of citizens, including the right to reside in the territory of the EU and the UK, the right to work, and the right to access social security. It also covers many other areas, such as healthcare, education, and recognition of professional qualifications.

Challenges faced

One of the key challenges in implementing Article 4 has been ensuring that citizens` rights are protected in a way that is enforceable and consistent across the EU and the UK. The complex nature of the issues involved has made it difficult to establish clear guidelines and procedures for ensuring that citizens are able to exercise their rights effectively.

Another challenge has been the ongoing uncertainty surrounding the implementation of the BWA. As negotiations continue over the future relationship between the UK and the EU, there is a risk that the provisions of Article 4 may be subject to change or even removed altogether.


Article 4 of the BWA is a crucial aspect of the Brexit negotiations, as it seeks to protect the rights of citizens in the UK and the EU. The challenges faced in implementing the article underscore the complexity of the issues involved and the need for ongoing cooperation between the parties involved.

As we move forward, it is essential that all stakeholders work together to ensure that the provisions of Article 4 are implemented in a way that is consistent, effective, and in the best interests of citizens on both sides of the Brexit divide. Only by doing so can we hope to build a better and more secure future for all.